Karate Terms

Karate Terminology

:: Punches :: Strikes :: Smash :: Blocks :: Kicks ::

Stances

Shizentai-dachi Natural stance
Nekoashi-dachi Cat stance
Jigotai-dachi Squat stance (horse stance)
Naihanchi-dachi Straddle-leg stance
Zenkutsu-dachi Back-leg-bent stance
Naname Zenkutsu-dachi Slanted front-leg-bent stance
Kosa-dachi Cross-leg stance
Iaigoshi-dachi Kneeling stance
 
Various Techniques

Semekata Attacking techniques
Seiken waza Fist techniques
Yubi-waza Finger technique
Uchi-waza Striking technique
Ate waza Smashing technique
Kerikata Kicking techniques
 
Punches (Zuki)

Jodan-zuki Upper punch
Chudan-zuki Middle punch
Gedan-zuki Lower punch
Kaku-zuki Square punch
Tomoe-zuki Circular block and punch
Kakushi-zuki Hidden fist punch
Oi-zuki Chasing punch
Wari-uke-zuki Split-block punch
Morote-zuki Augmented side-punch
Nukite-zuki Spear-hand thrust
Shi-zuki Beak thrust
 
Strike (Uchi-waza)

Uraken-uchi Backfist strike
Kentsui-uchi Hammer-fist strike
Shuto-uchi Knife-hand strike
Kyobu shuto-uchi Chest knife-hand strike
Kyobu-soete shuto-uchi Chest augmented knife-hand strike
 
Smash (Ate waza)

Hiji-ate Elbow smash
Tate hiji-ate Upward elbow smash
Yoko hiji-ate Forward elbow smash
Ushiro hiji-ate Backward elbow smash
Sasae hiji-ate Supported elbow smash
Hiza-ate Knee smash
Shotei-ate Palm-heel smash
Jodan shotei-ate Upper palm-heel smash
Chudan shotei-ate Middle palm-heel smash
Gedan shotei-ate Lower palm-heel smash
Tomoe shotei-ate Circular palm-heel smash
 
Blocks (Uke)

Jodan uke Upper block
Chudan soto-uke Middle outward block
Chudan yoko-uke Middle sideward block
Chudan uchi-uke Middle inner block
Gedan uke Lower block
Gedan yoko-barai-uke Lower sideward block
Sasae-uke Supported forearm block
Sayu-barai-uke Double lower side block
Jodan wari-uke Upper split block
Chudan wari-uke Middle split block
Jodan kosa-uke Upper cross block
Gedan kosa-uke Lower cross block
Morote soe-uke Augmented forearm block
Chudan soto-mawashi-uke Middle sideward round block
Morote-barai-uke Augmented lower block
Hazushi-uke Removing block
Otoshi-uke Dropping downward block
Chudan soto-shuto-uke Middle outward knife-hand block
Jodan uchi-shuto-uke Upper inner knife-hand block
Chudan yoko-shuto-uke Middle sideward knife-hand block
Gedan shuto-uke Lower knife-hand block
Torite-uke Grasping-hand block
Shotei-uke Palm-heel block
Chudan shotei-uke Middle palm-heel block
Gedan shotei-uke Lower palm-heel block
Hiji-uke Elbow block
 
Kicks (Kerikata)

Kyobu-geri Chest kick
Fukubu-geri Abdomen kick
Kinteki-geri Groin kick
Sokuto-geri Foot-edge kick
Nidan-geri Flying front kick